Electric vehicles have no emissions. However, as the EVs gain popularity in the market, there may be a high demand for the batteries and motors’ contents, which may pose an environmental threat. Dieter Zetsche, former Mercedes Benz manager, once told the CAR magazine that EVs can pose a more significant threat to the environment than fossil fuels if the electricity in the charge stations is sourced from China relies almost entirely on coal to generate electricity.
According to Zetsche, Electric Vehicles are approximately 40 per cent greener than fossil fuels if driven in Germany. The International Council on Clean Transportation reports that an Electric Vehicle emitted 50 per cent less cyclic greenhouse gases than a typical vehicle. Zetsche’s comments and those allied to it are becoming irrelevant as like the United Kingdom among other countries are aiming to an all-electric future since there is a looming demand for electricity.
Queries about energy production have been the mystery behind EVs zero emissions. The emphasis is widening to accommodate factors such as supply chain and materials upon which the EV batteries and motors depend. The presence of valuable metals, rare earth, environmental degradation and working conditions, and geographical and political risks has played a significant role in the Electric Vehicle agenda.
Electric vehicles and the plug-in hybrids have an additional fossil fuel engine to account for a larger percentage of vehicle type in the world. Governments aim to place a ban on all fossil fuel-powered vehicles entirely by the year 2040. For example, the United Kingdom ban on the sale of all fossil fuel-driven cars will affect 2030.
Within the next twenty years, the EVs will be the mainstream. The rapidly increasing market for the EVs will mount pressure on the existing resources necessary for the production and solve all vehicles’ matters. Modern electric vehicles store power in Lithium-ion batteries which are built on various sizes depending on the travel demands of the consumer. The more miles the producer wants the vehicle to travel on a single charge and the larger the car’s size, the larger the size of the battery.
Upon acceleration, the battery is fed to the electric motors which drive the wheels’ axel. Lithium and cobalt are essential components in Lithium-ion batteries. Additionally, lithium is a precious silvery, lightest and challenging element of the periodic table, thus a very reactive alkali. According to the Deutsche Bank report, electric vehicles account for almost 25 per cent of the total consumption of lithium metal. The demand is predicted to increase more than triple the times it is today to an estimated 1.5 million metric tonnes by 2025 while Electric Vehicles are likely to account for over 38 per cent of total lithium consumption.